Genus Aerides

Aerides Lour.,
Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 525

Monopodial epiphytic, rarely terrestrial plants. Stem elongated, with many distichous leaves. Leaves sheathing at the base, glabrous, deciduous, duplicate, leathery. Inflorescence lateral, a raceme or rarely a panicle. Flowers medium-sized, showy. Sepals free. Petals free, often fairly different in shape from the dorsal sepal. Lip spurred, with the spur usually pointing forwards; at the base usually rather stiffly hinged with the column-foot, or immobile; three-lobed, mid-lobe dorso-ventrally flattened. Column-foot present, relatively long. Pollinia 2, cleft, solid, caudicles absent, stipe linear, often widened at the apex, viscidium present.

Tropical continental Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea; about 20 species.

Distribution in the Philippines
Babuyan and Calayan Islands, Luzon (Ilocos Norte, Benguet, Mt. Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Aurora, Tayabas, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur), Mindoro, Palawan, Negros, Leyte, Samar, Mindanao (Bukidnon, Surigao, Davao, Cotabato); 8 species.

Epiphytes in lowland forest, rarely terrestrial in open vegetation.

Aerides is a popular genus in horticulture. It is related to Rhynchostylis and Vanda, from which it is mainly distinguished by the presence of a well-developed column-foot.